The latest in research findings utilizing cytometry across basic research and clinical applications. Research will be updated regularly to provide a resource for cytometry users to keep themselves informed of the latest advances in the field.
CD16‐158‐valine chimeric receptor T cells overcome the resistance of KRAS‐mutated colorectal carcinoma cells to cetuximab
KRAS mutations hinder therapeutic efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)‐specific monoclonal antibodies cetuximab and panitumumab‐based immunotherapy of EGFR+ cancers. Although cetuximab inhibits KRAS‐mutated cancer cell growth in vitro by natural killer (NK) cell‐mediated antibody‐dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), KRAS‐mutated colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells escape NK cell immunosurveillance in vivo. To overcome this limitation, we used cetuximab and panitumumab to redirect Fcγ chimeric receptor (CR) T cells against KRAS‐mutated HCT116 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. We compared four polymorphic Fcγ‐CR constructs including CD16158F‐CR, CD16158V‐CR, CD32131H‐CR, and CD32131R‐CR transduced into T cells by retroviral vectors. Percentages of transduced T cells expressing CD32131H‐CR (83.5 ± 9.5) and CD32131R‐CR (77.7 ± 13.2) were significantly higher than those expressing with CD16158F‐CR (30.3 ± 10.2) and CD16158V‐CR (51.7 ± 13.7) (p < 0.003). CD32131R‐CR T cells specifically bound soluble cetuximab and panitumumab. However, only CD16158V‐CR T cells released high levels of interferon gamma (IFNγ = 1,145.5 pg/ml ±16.5 pg/ml, p < 0.001) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα = 614 pg/ml ± 21 pg/ml, p < 0.001) upon incubation with cetuximab‐opsonized HCT116 cells. Moreover, only CD16158V‐CR T cells combined with cetuximab killed HCT116 cells and A549 KRAS‐mutated cells in vitro. CD16158V‐CR T cells also effectively controlled subcutaneous growth of HCT116 cells in CB17‐SCID mice in vivo. Thus, CD16158V‐CR T cells combined with cetuximab represent useful reagents to develop innovative EGFR+KRAS‐mutated CRC immunotherapies.
This article can be viewed on Wiley Online Library.